Stephen Hawking ALS
Stephen Hawking ALS had been suffering from a disease for 55 years. Hawking was born into a family of doctors in England. He had started his study at the University College, Oxford in October 1959 at the years of 17, that he had given the first position in BA (Hons) program in physics. then he had started his graduation at Cambridge in October 1962, he had gotten his Ph.D. program in Mathematics and Theoretical of Physics, he was interested in General Relativity and Cosmology in March 1966.
How was Stephen Hawking diagnosed?
During his education, Stephen Hawking was realized with Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) disease and diagnosed, then slowly hawking body totally damage from motor neurone illness (such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) which he gradually paralyzed for many decades.
Later, he cannot communicate with people. then he made an Artificial instrument. With the help of which he could now communicate easily.
What is Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)?
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), which doctors in the United States and Canada call Lou Gehrig’s disease, as well as motor neurons (MNDs) in the UK and Australia.
This disease causes the loss of motor neurons. And except for the human brain, the whole body stops working and only the brain keeps working. And the disease starts with muscle pain, lack of muscle use. It begins with weakness in the legs or arms and difficulty speaking.
Half of the people with the disease have at least mild problems with their thinking and behavior. And most people suffer. In this disease, some people are deprived of the blessings of walking, talking, and breathing.
90% to 95%, The people do not know Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis disease. but is imagine to include both genetic and environmental factors.
The remaining 5% to 10% of cases have inherited from the people’s father and mother. Initial mechanisms damage both upper and lower motor neurons.
Non-invasive ventilation can improve the quality of life. Mechanical ventilation can control pain caused by a disease such as Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), but it does not prevent the spread of the disease. The disease can affect people of any age, but can usually live up to 60 years, and can be inherited by up to 50 years.
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) Patient
Initially, the disease lasts for 2 to 4 years but can last for more than 10 or 10 years. Most people die of asphyxiation. In Europe, the disease affects two to three people out of 100,000 each year. In the poorest countries of the world, it is very expensive. American doctors say the disease is more common in whites than in black Americans.
According to Charles Bell’s research, the disease dates back to 1824. Between 1869, the relationship between its underlying symptoms and neurological problems had described by Jean-Martin Charcott, who in 1874 came to be known as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
As it became popular in the United States in the early 19th century. In 1939, when the disease infected baseball player Lou Gehrig, and later in 1963, cosmologist Stephen Hawking contracted the disease, which gradually became more common around the world.
The first amyotrophic lateral sclerosis gene had discovered in 1993 after laboratory research. The first gene for the disease in animals had discovered in 1994. During 2014, videos of the Ice Bucket Challenge went viral on the Internet, leading to an increase in human awareness.